#AtoZAprilChallenge: Utilitarian

 "Utilitarianism is a theory in normative ethics holding that the proper course of action is the one that maximizes utility, usually defined as maximizing happiness and reducing suffering. Classic utilitarianism's two most influential contributors are Jeremy Bentham and John Stuart Mill." (English Wikipedia) From Williams’ Keywords: “Utilitarian has one complication: that it is a description of a particular philosophical system, which in … Continue reading #AtoZAprilChallenge: Utilitarian

#AtoZAprilChallenge: Structuralism

 From “Structuralism and Semiotics”: Structuralism is the name that is given to a wide range of discourses that study underlying structures of signification. Signification occurs wherever there is a meaningful event or in the practise of some meaningful action. Hence the phrase, "signifying practices." A meaningful event might include any of following: writing or reading … Continue reading #AtoZAprilChallenge: Structuralism

#AtoZAprilChallenge: Dialectic

 According to Williams dialectic “appeared in English from the fourteenth century, in its Latin sense to describe what we would now call logic. Dialectique, dialectica, dialektike, were all, in their primary senses, the art of discussion and debate, and then, by derivation, the investigation of truth and discussion… Plato’s version has an important subsequent history: … Continue reading #AtoZAprilChallenge: Dialectic